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Statues of 
Abraham Lincoln 

Larkin G. Mead, Jr 
Springfield, Illinois 

Excerpts from newspapers and other 


From the files of the 
Lincoln Financial Foundation Collection 

■?/ Hoof oiS vanlL 

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2012 with funding from 

State of Indiana through the Indiana State Library 


* Larkln G. ?*.ead Jr. was born In Brattleboro, Vermont 

jtj AA,3 l& 3F j y He was the third son of Larkin G. iVead and i.Iary 

v £'oyes 'ead ? and the nearest brother in age to my 

mother, Elinore Gertrude .ead ? 

He made a snow statue at the cross-roads in Brattleboro 
one night after a heavy snow, with another Brattleboro boy 

? to aid in the v/ork, rnd the 

next morning a snow angel was found glittering in the sun 
to the astonished townspeople. He afterv/ard reproduced it 

^ as the Recording Angel. 

in marble for |tclW<*4 ^t^vtit^* 

Made his " Ethan Allen" for ? 

Reproductions are now in the State House at Iiontpelier, 
Vermont *nd the Capitol at Washington, D. C. 

He ^'as a friend of the °-<--tist George Fuller of Deer- 
field, ass. who painted him as a young raari (portrait now 
in my oossession, but in storage in Boston), 
and Quincey Ward, the sculptor, were often at 
in Brattleboro. Quincey War* studied with _^ 
in Brooklyn, N. Y., at the same time my Uncle 

George Fuller 
the IZead house 

f Brown 


My Uncle was war illustrator for the Harpers Veekly (f&v*+*v*~ 
for a short time during the Civil far. 

He took my mother to Europe to be carried, and went 
on to Florence to study. Came to Venice to act as Vice Consul 
and take care of my sister, Winifred, then a baby, while my 
father and mother were making their "Italian Journeys". He 
fell in love with the daughter of a poor but " no"' le ,: Italian 
family from Dalmatia, who lived on the top floor of the 
palazzo_#ustinian, where the consulate was, and he and 'arietta 

enyCnutj ^ were soon marr ied^ They went to America and I 
suppose he "made the Lincoln atatue then, but unfortunately 
I never heard him, or my mother, speak of it. 

His wife was always homesick, so they went back to Italy 
and they lived over forty years in Florence where he taught 
the same class at the Academia della Belli Art's (?) (Please 
verify this), that Liichel Angelo did. He and his wife only 
came to America once again, in l HOY ? to see his brothers 

and sisters who were all living in, or near, New York. 

They used to visit his wife's brother in Venice in 
the summer, and my Uncle would sit in the Piazza San Karoo 
reading the "Vermont Phoenix ;i 

He had no children, and 

from one end to the other, 
died in Florence in iXt~ I*' ? 

He did a bas-relief of my father, and one of me in 
1&3*;, r<nd one of T !enry JacMf soon Rfter. Mr. James described 
him as an "Unreconstructed Yankee". 

Did a statue of Mr. ^i^ Stanford end their son A for 
the Stanford University at Palo Alto, California. Very 
realistic group, like the statues in the Ompo Santo in 
Genoa. Made a figure of the Mississippi River, now, I 
thlnk > at St . I,oule -*. yuJOlMULj^A^-^C^ 4^ ^£4 

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Springfield - Illinois - 

Springfield also has another monument "by Larkln Mead. It was 
dedicated in 1874 and a wide celebration marked the -unveiling. It 
occupies a prominent place among the groups of bronze figures on the 
monument at Lincoln's tomb which has recently been remodeled. Within 
the monument are minature replicas of several other Lincoln statues. 






Copyright Secured. 

Photo by 

■■ PAYNE." National Gallery, 

Si'itiNiiFiKLD. III. 




• • 



Sfcfc. • - 





„ V I 

* » 

-*• - 


ta ^ Possession of tie Lincoln 

»a«oaal Lira Foundation 

F °rt_Wayne, Indiana 

Identification lNTumber. - 4^Z2i / 



Original Drawing of Lincoln Tomb Plan 


I- • (Erecting at Oak iRidg-e,} 

Picture above is the original drawing of Architect Larkin Mead for 
the Lincoln tomb. It was submitted in competition with other archi- 
tectural plans for the tomb and was used on postcards which were sold 
throughout the country to raise funds for construction of the monument. 
While the general plan was followed, the lines of the tomb were changed 
somewhat from the original drawing. 



The Monument Scarred and Mutilated 
by Uollc Hunters. > 

Chicago, March 21.— Tbo Evening 
Journal to-night prints a throe-column 
article on the condition of the Lincoln 
Monument at Springfield, 111., and the ill 
troatmont given the visitors by J. C. 
Powers, the custodian of the mausoleum. 
The Journal says, in part: 

"Abraham Lincoln's tomb at Springfield 
has fallen from its high place as the snrine 
of a mighty nation. The spot where rest the 
earthly remains of one ot the two greatest 
mon in American history is fast railing into 
decay, and the stately monument eroctad at 
the capital of Illinois to commemorate the 
love or tbo people is scarred and mutilated 
from the attacks of vandalistic relic hunters. 
His most malignant enemy In the 'Lost 
Cause' could scarcely desire more indignities 
heaped upon 'Honest Abe's' grave than now 
daily come to its lot. 

Tlie I4ncolu Monument. 

Special to The Republic. 

MoNTiCELiiO, 111., June 16.— The Illinois 
Division of Sons of Veterans are taking steps 
to have all the members of the order in the 
United States aid them in placing the three al- 
legorical figures of War, Justiceand Peace on 
the national Lincoln monumentatOak Kidge. 
This was the original design by Larkin G. 
Meade, the artist. They will be placed on a 
level with the statuo of Lincoln, Freedom en 
the west! side of the obelisic. Justice on ttjB 
east, and Peace on the north. The cost of 
these three figures will bo $15,000, The, Sons 
of Veterans desire to do this in honor of 
Abraham Lincoln. /i^X» 
-». /& fd 

The bronze statue of Liucoln for tlio 
monument to be erected over his re- 
mains in Springfield, 111., is now re- 
ceiving the best touches of the artist, 
Mr. M. S. Mosman, at the Ames works 
in Chieopee. fe ' ■ 4, f ■> T'^L. 



[October 24, 1S74. 



We give on this page an illus- 
tration of the monument erected 
at Springfield, Illinois, in honor of 
President Lincoln, which includes 
a bronze statue of the President 
modeled by Mr. Larkin G. Mead. 
The statue was put in its place on 
the 3d inst., and was formally un- 
veiled on the 15th in the presence 
of a vast assemblage of people 
from all parts of the country. It 
stands on the south side and in 
front of the shaft, about thirty 
feet above the ground. Presi- 
dent Grant and many other dis- 
tinguished guests, both civil and 
military, were present at the cere- 
mony. The statue is an excellent 
and characteristic likeness of Mr. 
Liscoln. The figure is represent- 
ed as dressed in the double-breasted 
long frock-coat. and the loose pan- 
taloons which were the fashion ten 
or twelve years ago, and conse- 
quently make the form appear 
somewhat, more full and robust 
than Mr. Lincoln really was. 
The portraiture of the statue is 
realistic in its fidelity. The rather 
stooping shoulders, the forward in- 
clination of the head, manner of 
wearing the hair, the protruding 
eyebrows, the nose, the mouth, 
with the prominent and slightly 
drooping lower lip, the mole on 
his left cheek, the eyes sitting far 
back in his head, the calm, ear- 
nest, half-sorrowful expression of 
the face, all recall to the minds of 
his old friends and neighbors the 
simple-mannered, unaffected man 
who lived among them until he was 
called away to enter upon the duties 
of Chief Magistrate of the nation. 

As will be seen from our engrav- 
ing, Mr. Lincoln is represented 
with his left hand resting upon 
fasces, around which are grace- 
fully folded the Stars and Stripes. 
Mr. Lincoln is represented as 
having just signed the Procla- 
mation of Emancipation, and in 
his left hand he holds a scroll 
marked "Proclamation;" in the 
right hand he holds a pen. The 
coat of arms upon the face of 
the pedestal on which the statue 
stands represents the American 
eagle standing upon a shield partly 
draped by the flag, with one foot 
upon a broken shackle, and in his 

beak the fragments of a chain 
which he has just broken to pieces. 

The monument is constructed in 
the most substantial manner of 
Quincy granite. In the base are 
two chambers. The one shown in 
our engraving is called Memorial 
Hall, and contains some interest- 
ing relics of the late President. 
The other, on the north side, con- 
tains the caskets inclosing the re- 
mains of Mr. Lincoln and his 
little son "Tad." The opening 
above Memorial Hall is the en- 
trance to the winding stairs lead- 
ing to the top of the monument. 
The several subordinate groups of 
figures shown in our engraving are 
not yet placed in position. Each 
group is intended to represent a 
branch of the service of the United 

The monument was erected un- 
der the superintendence of Mr. 
W. D. Kichardson, from the de- 
sign of Mr. Larkin G. Mead. 
The base is seventy-four feet on 
ench side and twenty high, the 
total height to the top of the shaft 
being one hundred and twenty feet. 
The structure cost $250,000. 



- ■;. ■ : I ;' 

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*: ; 5j|% 

By United. 

THE LINCOLN TOMB AT SPRINGFIELD, ILL.— The photograph shows Gen. Haller, 
the "Pershing of Poland," who recently visited the United States* and his staff in front 
of the great memorial erected in Lincoln's memory at Springfield, 111. 



An unusual photograph of the Lincoln mausoleum in 

Springfield, 111., made by a Philadelphia!!, showing the 

statue of the Civil War President at the front of the 

; . , beautiful memorial ■ Ritu«e 

t . "" ■ ^ - - 

Visit the Lincoln Shrines at 

Spring f ield 

State Capital Was Home of Great Emancipator 

SPRINGFIELD, the capital city of 
Illinois, and for many years t he 
home city of Abraham Lincoln, 
contains two notable Lincoln shrines — 
his tomb and his modest homeste&d. 

The tomb is an imposing one and 
stands in Oak Ridge Cemetery. The 
statue of Lincoln is on a pedestal pro- 
jecting from the suiith side of the obe- 
lisk — the central figure of a series of 
groups, representing the Infantry, the 
Cavalry, the Artillery and the Navy. 
Passing around the whole obelisk and 
pedestal is a band or chain of shields, 
each representing a state, the name of 
which is carved upon it. 

The body of President Lincoln [was 
placed in a receiving vault in Oak Ridge 
on May 4, 1S(i."), and a week later the 
National Lincoln Monument Associa- 
tion was formed with Governor Richard 
J. Oglesby at the head. A temporary 
vault was built and the body removed 
on December 21, lSii.",. Six years later 
it was placed in the crypt in the monu- 
ment and three years later in the 
sarcophagus in the center of the cata- 
comb. However, in IS 1 .)'.), the structure 
began to show signs of breaking down, 
and a cemented vault was built beneath 
the floor of the catacomb directly un- 
derneath the sarcophagus. There the 
body of President Lincoln was placed 
September :i(i, 1901, where it still rests. 

Brick and Granite 

The monument is built of brick and 
Quincy granite but the granite only 
shows. It contains also the crypts in 
which lie the bodies of Mrs. Lincoln, 
two sons and Abraham Lincoln, a 

The money used in the construction 
of the monument came largely from 
popular subscriptions, only three states 
making appropriations to the fund, Illi- 
nois, $50,000; Missouri, $1,000; and 
Nevada, $500. Sunday schools, lodges, 
army associations, and other organiza- 
tions contributed. The largest sum 
given except b\ the State oi lllii ois, 
was $I,-HS7, from 1 1 1 ■ 7,'id Regimenr of 
colored troops al New Orleans. Al out 
$S,000 «;i> contributed l>\ colored 
soldiers in the I nil'ed States Amu 

1 lii- iiioiiumeiil iva." designed by 
kin G. Mend of l-'lorence, Italy. 

I he monument aLo contains a Me- 
morial Hall which is idled with a most 
interesting collection of Lincoln relics. 

Among them are his surveying instru- 
ments, the compass, chain and Jacob 
staff and the worn old black leather 
saddle bags in which he carried the 
instrument and papers. There i.-< a soap 
dish and curtain fixtures from the Lin- 
coln home as well as two small black 
cane-seated chairs, a part of his first 
parlor set, an ink-stained deal table 
and a plain wooden rocker which was 
in his law office when he was nomin- 
ated for the presidency. 

There are many letters in the col- 
lection, one from a little girl of thir- 
teen, Grace Bedell, who wrote to Lin- 
coln during his first campaign telling 
him that he would look better if he 
wore whiskers. He answered her, say- 

ing that he was not inclined to do so, 
but shortly afterward he raised the 
beard and when he visited her home city 
during the campaign, he called for her 
and showed her that hi had followed 
her advice. 

Lincoln Relics 
Still another relic is a faded piece of 
white silk with a pattern of red (lowers, 
kept in a glass frame. The silk also 
shows a dark stain of blood. It was 
from the dress worn by Laura Keen on 
the night Lincoln was assassinated. She 
stepped from the stage into the Lincoln 
box and took the wounded President's 
head on her lap. A year later she 
brought the piece to Springfield her- 
(See Page 14) 

The Lincoln Monument at Springfield 

self and presented it to the monument 

The Lincoln homestead at Eighth and 
Jackson Streets, Springfield, was the 
only residence ever owned by Abraham 
Lincoln. He lived there for seventeen 
years and at the time of his nomination 
and election to the presidency. From 
there he went forth to glory and the 

The frame work and all the floors are 
of oak; the laths of hickory, split out 
by hand; the doors, door frames, win- 
dow frames and weather boarding of 
black walnut. The nails, sparingly used 
in its construction, are all hand made. 
The most noticeable feature of its con- 
struction from the builders' point of 
view is the prodigal use of walnut and| 
strict economy in the use of iron — 
wooden pegs being used wherever prac- 
ticable in lieu of the customary nail. 

Various Lincoln possessions are in 
the Home and are being supplemented 
with pieces of that period. One can see 
a picture of Queen Victoria sent by the: 
Queen to Mr. Lincoln in the earl}' 
sixties, a clock that belonged to Lin- 
coln before his marriage, Mr. Lincoln's 
favorite chair, an upholstered rocker, 
and beside it his wife's favorite little 
rocker, his writing desk and many other 
articles that speak to you of the great 

In this house with so little in its 
appearance to distinguish it from hun- 
dreds of others built about the same 
time, Air. Lincoln took up his residence 
in the second year after his marriage. 
Here the three youngest children of his 
family were born and the eldest of the 
three died. Here he grew up from the 
small figure of a country lawyer to 
the full stature of a party idol and the 
grand proportions of a national leader. 
Here were nurtured his early born 
ambitions and here his greatest political 
aspiration was realized. Here he closed 
his career as a citizen of Illinois and 
took up the work to which he gave his 
life that "the government of the people, 
by the people, and for the people might 
not perish from the earth." 


Custodian of Tomb Sug- 
gests Master Memorial 
at Springfield. 

BY CLAUDE O. PIKE. Dispatch from a Staff Correspondent. 

Springfield, 111., July 22.— A Lincoln 
monument towering 500 feet high, 
visible for 20 miles and surmounted 
by a powerful search light to mark 
the way for air mail pilots is sug- 
gested by Herbert Wells Fay, custo- 
dian of the Lincoln tomb and monu- 
ment, as a fitting memorial for the 
great emancipator. 

Such a monument would oe 
Illinois' challenge to the charges that 
the immortal Lincoln was being for- 
gotten by his native state. It would 
also challenge the genius of the 
world's greatest artists and sculp- 

the Coles county nome, and repro- 
duce the New Salem log cabin village. 
One >-oom could be devoted to the 
Black Hawk war, showing the contour 
of each county traveled. 

Rooms for Major Events. 

"Rooms could be set aside showing 
Vandalia, the campaign for congress, 
Lincoln-Douglas debates, depict the 
battles of the civil war, the assassi- 
nation and funeral. Another room 
could be set aside to the Lincoln me- 
morials erected in his honor. 

"The inner circle of rooms next to 
the base of the statue could be de- 
voted to a display of paintings of 
Lincoln, scenes of his life depicted in 
sculpture and photographs. To get 
such a collection offer $10,000 each 
for the five best paintings of Lin- 
coln or pertaining to his life and $5,- 
000 for the next five best. Offer 
smaller sums for miniatures of Lin- 
coln, transparencies, scenes or photo- 

"This amount of money would en- 
list the best efforts of the greatest 
artists of the country and such a col- 
lection, properly housed, would attract 


IBy Robert Mills stall artUt.l 

C\- ( ? 

I Hi 

t ■'•^, 

*2& ^/ ay suMeste a «s 

standing statue of Lincoln 200 feet 
*h mounted on a pedestal 300 fee! 

TSfiZJ' base he wouid 

» suitable memorial hall r 
- -i-n .£ proportions of the monn 

Describes Plan of Memorial. 

Make three circles of rooms" sue 
«eats Mr. Fay. "On the outer wail 
arrange to record the principal events 

«5KS i Ue ' especta1 ^ '"» SS 

cradle until he went to Washington 
la frames on the walls wdtaSS 
cases put pictures of every So? h! 
ever visaed, letters and speeches he 
wrote things he said, stories keloid 
friends, documents and surveys he 

3ft th P ,r tem , atic a «« o 

of h2 1 > th,? Uld , giVe a P a «^ama 
l„f i lle that would give a patriotic 

E g n every visitor ' *"3c2°5 

"In this exhibit could be shown a 

,l CJreD ' h « made in chrono- 
logical order. Pictures of every person 

SSSFiE* places vis]ted 2 

shovvn. mere could be shown all 
publications about Lincoln, authors 

evei> tmng. Make it answer eve™ 
Question asked about Lincoln Have 
|»y county of the state represented 

Mr? , Center clrcle "Produce his 
birthplace, probably exact size, shew- 

ture the contour of the country and 
make it show all the places he £*' 
quented in Kentucky. 6 

"Then in the next room faithful v 

HFVS,W Ba home and *- 

cmity. in adjoining rooms of the 
center circle show a miniature of the 
Decatur home of Thomas Lincoln! 

every /Jincoln lover of the worm. 
This would make the tomb of Lin- 
coln the last word in every detail. 
One of the most expensive and de- 
si-able acquisitions would be a bou- 
.tevard connecting the state capitol, 
the tomb and the Lincoln home. With 
this idea followed out, criticisms that 
Illinois does not appreciate her Lin- 
coln advantage would forever be si- 

Tomb a World Shrine. 
Mr. Fay, who, as custodian of the 
Lincoln monument, is recognized as 
one of the best authorities on Lin- 
coln, asserts that there is a growing 
sentiment that Illinois does not fully 
appreciate her great historical asset. 
"The home and tomb of Lincoln 
attract more attention over the world 
than any other single feature, prob- 
ably more than all put together," 
said Mr. Fay. 

If the citizens of Illinois were 
olive to their historical advantage 
they would appropriate a couple of 
million dollars to show their appre- 
ciation of what came to them by the 
working of fate. Nearly $3,000,000 
was expended on the memorial at 
Washington and it answers every 
hope of those who are satisfied with 
an appeal to the spectacular. It 
awes the guest and gives friend and 
foe the proper thrill. Something dif- 
ferent «hould be planned for Spring- 

Pushes Idea Before State. 
Mr. Fay suggests the monument 
with the surrounding memorial hall 
simply as a means of getting his idea 
before the public, believing that the 
time is ripe for Illinois to begin giving 
constructive thought to the matter 
The present tomb and monument 
were erected in 1874 at a cost of 
$350,000. It is in urgent need of re- 

pairs now. Visitors comment on ito 
condition. The small rooms in the 
base of the monument are far too 
small and the choice collection of 
Lincoln documents, memorials and 
souvenirs cannot be displayed. Mr 
Fay's personal collection of Lincoln 
papers, pictures and documents more 
than fill the limited space at present. 
There are nine acres in the Lincoln 
monument plot in Beautiful Oakridge 
cemetery in Springfield, giving ample 
space for the erection of a fitting 
memorial and shrine to Illinois' gift 
to the nation. 

Visitors on Increase. 

Just why there is the marked in- 
crease in the number of visitors to 
the tomb is difficult to determine. 
With the seeming breakdown in the 
democracy that Lincoln stood for and 
the indifference toward political 
honesty and decency found in Amer- 
ican politics today, and particularly 
in Illinois, the growing stream of 
pilgrims to the last resting place of 
the ashes of the great emancipator 
is little short of miraculous. 

It is claimed by some that the re- 
cent works on Lincoln have inspired 
the pilgrimage of many. The auto- 
mobile and hard roads make the 
tomb the mecca for thousands more. 
The tomb is open every day from 8 
in the morning until 6 at night, and 
any day a visitor to it will find the 
tomb crowded with visitors. On an 
average, 400 people visit the tomb 
daily. One sees automobiles parked 
about there by the dozen, bearing 
license plates from distant states. On 
Sundays the visitors reach nearly a 
thousand in good weather. 

Five year ago visitors registering 
there were under 30,000. Last year 
over 150,000 signed the visitors' book. 



STATUARY and much of the 
stone work from about the base,; 
Lincoln's monument presents a 
rather forlorn appearance. But 
construction work is progressing 
rapidly and when completed the 
monument will have added dignity 
and beauty. The exterior will be 
of the same appearance as when 
originally constructed but the In- 
terior will be entirely changed. 

(Bute Register Photo) 


■* 'Z: . ■ \ 

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Here is President Hoover delivering his address during the impressive dedicatory ceremonies of t lie re- 
modeled tomb of Abraluim Lincoln, at Springlield, 111. The granite column shown in the background was 
constructed in J8(i9. The newly completed work Includes the entire remodeling of the memorial's base, in 
which were placed nine statues of Lincoln, representing various stages in his life. 

WEDNESDAY, JUNE 12, 1935. 



Delegates to the republican grass roots convention are shown as 
they heard pleas for "liberty" at Abraham Lincoln's tomb in Spring- 
field, III. The Roosevelt administration meanwhile came in for a severe 
l^fimiffliP l v y 4 , &^ 1 fi4fr% . gftfi^£Eg' .(Associated Press Photo), , 

February, 1939 

HOBBIES— The Magazine for Collectors 


Ihe Erection of the 

Lincoln Monument 

By Harry E. Pratt 

■*■ was placed in the public vault in 
Oak Ridge cemetery, May 4, 1865. 
On October 15, 1874 a great throng 
of people, including President Grant, 
attended the dedication of the Lincoln 
Monument erected by the gifts of a 
grateful people. 

The monument had then cost over 
$150,000 and $55,000 more was used 
to place the groups of bronze figures 
representing the four branches of 
the Military and Naval Service. 

It was Mrs. Lincoln's expressed de- 
sire to have the monument in Oak 
Ridge cemetery, in preference to the 
ground now occupied by the State 
Capitol, which had been chosen by the 
National Lincoln Monument Assoc- 
iation. Before his election to the 
Presidency, Lincoln, with his wife on 
a visit to the cemetery had said: 
"What a beautiful spot." To C. M. 
Smith, his brother-in-law, he had ex- 
pressed the same thought. The hard 
maple, his favorite tree grew there 
in abundance. 

The process of collecting funds be- 
gan immediately after Lincoln's 
death, continued slowly and not until 
January, 1868, did the Association, 
directed by fifteen of Lincoln's old 
friends, issue notice for designs for a 
monument to cost not over $200,000. 
They offered $1,000 as a prize for the 
monument chosen. The announce- 
ment had been eagerly awaited by 
artists, sculptors, architects and 
quarry owners. Many inquiries and 
several designs had already been re- 
ceived by the Association. The first 
to inquire and the first to com- 
plete his design was Larkin H. 
Mead, Jr., and the winner of the 
prize. Imbued with the idea that a 
monument would be erected to "so 
great a man as President Lincoln," 
Mead, then a sculptor, scarcely thirty 
years of age, began on a design in 
January, 1865, four months before 
Lincoln's assassination. The minia- 
ture plaster model of the monument, 
exhibited in New York in August, 
1865, was made in his studio in 
Florence, Italy. 

Anxious that his design should be 
accepted, Mead kept the Association 
informed of his movements on his re- 
turn to America, and offered to bring 
the design to Springfield for ap- 
proval. Influential friends commun- 

icated their approval of the artist's 

Undismayed by the publicity given 
to Mead's design, thirty other artists 
submitted theirs by September 1, 
1868. The designs were placed on 
exhibit for ten days in the Senate 
Chamber of the State House. Here 
the committee of thirteen, represent- 
ing the Association, viewed them and 
selected the four best designs. On 
the last ballot, Mead's design received 
twelve of the thirteen votes. Sharon 
Tyndale, the only member of the 
committee to die before the monu- 
ment was completed, voted for anoth- 
er design. Leonard Volk, sculptor of 
famous figures of Lincoln and Doug- 
las, was among the four competitors 
chosen for the last ballot. Two noted 
women sculptors submitted designs, 
Harriet Hosmer and Vinnie Ream. 
Miss Ream, at the age of fifteen, had 
been given an order from Congress 
for the marble figure of Lincoln that 
stands today in the National Hall of 
Statuary. The Chicago firm of Co- 
chrane and Piquenard, architects of 
the Illinois and Iowa Capitol build- 
ings, submitted a design for the mon- 

In a letter to Senator Morrill of 
Vermont, Mead wrote "My design 
was adopted and I received the 
$1,000, which was promised to the 
artist whose design should be ac- 
cepted. An executive committee was 
there appointed consisting of three 
members and they proceeded with me 
to draw up a preliminary contract 
for the execution of the monument 

"It is my duty to prepare specifi- 
cations and working plans and to 
present them to the executive com- 
mittee on or before the first of Febru- 
ary next, at which time a final con- 
tract will be made. I am to furnish 
satisfactory security. 

"This is the way the matter stands 
and I think I have cause to congratu- 
late myself. I feel truly gratified to 
you for seeing that I was properly 
recommended to the committee. I 
was an entire stranger to them all, 
but I soon found I was dealing with 
high minded men and true friends of 
Mr. Lincoln. I trust I merit the high 
honor they have bestowed upon me 
and I shall use my utmost exertions 
in performing my task to make it art 
acceptable work." 

A final contract with Mead was 
signed on December 30, 1868. The 
Association agreed to follow his 
drawings and specifications. Mead 
then returned to Italy, and the Assoc- 
iation contracted with W. D. Richard- 
son of Springfield to erect the monu- 
ment, exclusive of the statuary, for 
$136,550. This part of the work, 
which it was contemplated, would be 
complete by January 1, 1871 was not 
finished until the week before the 
dedication in October, 1874. 

Mead's work in addition to the 
drawing up of the plans, for which 
he received $5,500, was to mold, cast 
and deliver all the statuary required 
by his design; a statue of Lincoln, a 
coat of arms of the United States, 
and four groups representing the in- 
fantry, cavalry, artillery and the 
marine. The statue of Lincoln and 
each of the groups was to be de- 
livered for $13,500. The cavalry 
group, the last to be erected, was not 
ordered until almost eleven years af- 
ter the original contract was signed. 
All the plaster models of statuary 
were shipped from Florence, Italy, 
to Chicopee, Mass., where they were 
cast into bronze by the Ames Manu- 
facturing Company. A. D. Shephard, 
President of the National Bank Note 
Company of New York, acted as 
agent for Mead in his business trans- 
actions with the Association from 
1868 until the cavalry group was 
erected in 1883. The resolution made 
by the directors of the Association in 
1865, to contract for work on the 
monument only as fast as funds were 
available, was strictly followed. Gov- 
ernors of the states were appealed 
to for funds. Many of them heartily 
recommended the project to their leg- 
islatures. Responses came only from 
five states: Illinois gave $77,400; 
New York, $10,000; Missouri, $1,000; 
and Nevada and Nebraska each gave 
$500. Congress, on March 3, 1869, 
donated "such damaged and captured 
bronze and scrapped guns and ordin- 
ance as may be required." The As- 
sociation estimated that 50,000 pounds 
would be needed. Sixty-five bronze 
field howitzers, three fourths of 
which were Confederate guns, were 
delivered at Chicopee, Mass. Only a 
part of this metal was used. Its qual- 
ity was so poor that only forty-five 
percent of it could be used in each 
casting. The surplus was sold at 
twelve cents a pound, netting the As- 
sociation approximately $4,000. 

From the estate of William Beln 
of San Francisco, came the largest 
single bequest, $2,497.50. 

At the meeting of the Directors of 
the National Lincoln Monument As- 
sociation, in July, 1874, it was re- 
solved to dedicate the monument, 
minus the four group statues, on Oc- 
tober 15, 1874. The Army of the 
Tennessee was to hold its reunion in 

(Continued on next page) 

THE REGISTER, Sunday, January 26, 1958 

Nuns Unveiled 
Lincoln Monument 

It was no wonder then that 
when the national monument to 
Lincoln at his burial place in 
Springfield, 111., was to be ded- 
icated, Gen. William Tecumseh 
Sherman, who was in charge 
of arrangements, requested that 
a nun of the Dominican con- 
vent in Springfield be permitted 
to unveil the memorial. To his 
consternation the nuns had to 
decline the honor, since they 
were cloistered. 

Sherman's thoughts went to 
the appalling scene in the Mem- 
phis hospitals where Sisters of 
St. Dominic from Kentucky had 
ministered to the wounded and 
dving soldiers of his command. 
"If I had my Sisters of St. Do- 
minic near me," he declared, 
"they would not disappoint me." 

Hearing that some of these 
sisters staffed a parochial 
school in Jacksonville, 111., Sher- 
man obtained permission for 
them to unveil the monument. 
Sister Josephine Meagher, the 
superior, accompanied by Sister 
Eachel, a former war nurse, 
journeyed to Springfield in the 
President's special railroad car 
and in the presence of a huge 
throng the silken banner con- 
cealing the statue was released 
into their hands. Then the sis- 
ters slipped away and returned 
to Jacksonville. 

When Sister Rachel died in 
1909 in Springfield, the great- 
| est celebration ever held in hon- 
|or of Lincoln was going on 
there to commemorate the 100th 
year of his birth. President Wil- 
liam Howard Taft headed the 
dignitaries in attendance. As, 
the hearse bearing Sister Ra- 
chel's remains passed the Lin- 
coln Memorial en route to Cal- 
vary Cemetery, the bell on the 
monument was tolled, and a 
squad of soldiers stood at at- 
tention at the base of the 


Chicago Sunday Tribune 
February 9, 1958 



[Tribune Springfield Correspondent! 

HISTORIANS in Illinois are hopeful 
that the state government before 
many years will have title to the 
Sangamon county courthouse, one of 
the nation's most neglected historical 
shrines. A century ago, when Abe Lin- 
coln was the leading citizen of Spring- 
field, the stone faced building in the cen- 
ter of the business district was the state 
capitol. As a county courthouse, it now 
is inadequate and overcrowded, dilapi- 
dated and dingy. 

Within the last generation, it should 
have been restored as a Lincoln shrine 
and museum. Gov. Dwight H. Green 
tried to buy the building 12 years ago. 
Gov. Stratton last year sent word that 
the state still wants to pay a fair price 
for the old building. His tentative offer 
was being mulled over by the board of 
supervisors when the legislative session 

There is hope that a deal between the 
state and Sangamon county can be 
worked out by 1959, when the meeting 
of the legislature will coincide with the 
150th anniversary of Lincoln's birth. 
Public sentiment may be stirred this 

Sangamon County Cpurthous* 

year by celebration of the Lincoln-Doug- 
las debate centennial^ None of the de- 
bates was held here, but an important 
preliminary was Lincoln's " house divid- 
ed against itself cannot stand " speech, 
which was made in the old hall of the 
House of Representatives, now the Cir- 
cuit courtroom. 

AMONG the chief drum beaters for 
a new courthouse are the judges 
of the Circuit court, who contend that 
the 118 year old capital was never in- 
tended for jury trials. 

Most downstate counties have larger 
and better courthouses. Here county 
officials are crowding out the Lincoln 
memories. The county judge occupies 
space previously devoted to the law li- 
brary, where Lincoln frequently studied, 
and to the Supreme court, before which 
he tried nearly 200 cases. 

Between his nomination and farewell 
speech, Lincoln worked and received 
visitors in the governor's office, now as- 
signed to the master in chancery. When 
the Civil.war broke out, Ulysses S. Grant 
of Galena cooled his heels in the waiting 
room until he was appointed a colonel of 

Wall plaques and a bulletin board re- 
mind visitors that the chief memories of 
Lincoln are associated with the present 
courtroom, the former House chamber. 
There Lincoln made several of his most 
famous speeches. There his body lay in 
state May 3 and 4. 1865, with the casket 
open for the last time before it was 
taken to Oak Ridge cemetery. 

HISTORY not connected with Lincoln 
• also was made at the site. From 
the statehouse square in 1846 the ill- 
fated Donner party set out for the Cali- 
fornia mountain pass in which it starved 
in heavy snow. In 1921, the grand jury 
indicted Gov. Len Small for mishandling 
treasury interest funds, and Circuit 
Judge Elbert S. Smith, grandfather of 
the present auditor, propounded the 
doctrine that a governor is not exempt 
from answering in the courts for his 
official acts. ' 

As much as any man, Lincoln was 
responsible for the existence of the 
stone building. He was one of the San- 
gamon county representatives who got 
the legislature to vote in 1837 to move 
the capital from Vandalia to Springfield. 
The corner stone was laid on July 4 of 
that year, with the dedicatory address 
being given by E. D. Baker, an eloquent 
congressman, and 1861 casualty at Ball's 
Bluff. The stone came from the Sugar 
Creek quarry near the present Lake 

In 1876, state officials moved six 
blocks southwestward to a 4 million 
dollar capitol, the one still in use. Sanga- 
mon county also found the old statehouse 
inadequate ahd in 1899 enlarged it by 
adding a new first floor, so Jhat the origi- 
nal first and second floors are now the 
second and third. 

THE STATE will have a restoration 
problem, if and when the county 
moves out. It would be expensive but 
not impossible to take out the present 
first floor and lower the building. The 
county altered the original roof and 
dome. Old photos show how the House 
chamber and other rooms originally ap- 

When the seat of_ government was 
moved here from Vandalia, Springfield 
men subscribed $50,000 toward the cost 
of the new capitol, which had been 
estimated at $120,000. Actual expendi- 
tures were nearer $240,000. When the 
state moved out, Sangamon county 
bought the square block in the center 
of the business district for $200,000 and 
the land on which the present state- 
house was built. The 1899 remodeling 
cost $175,000. 

With Gov. Green's approval, the 1945 
legislature appropriated $600,000 for 
the purchase of the property from the 
county and $668,000 for restoration of 
the building to its original appearance, 
including elimination of the first floor. 
The money was never spent, because 
Sangamon county voters in 1946 de- 
feated a proposal to raise additional 
money needed for a modern courthouse. 

Whether the county now would aftept 
a higher offer is problematical. The 
voice of the taxpayer is currently louder 
than that of the lover of shrines, and the 
county board is dominated by supervisors 
from economy minded rural townships. 

Oregon Journal 
February 12, 1958 

. The People Speak 

7 disapprove of what you iay, but I will defend to the death your right to say it." — 'Voltaire, 

Lincoln and Tullius 

To the Editor: In observing 
the birthday of Abraham Lin- 
coln, nothing seems to me 
more appropriate than the 
gift offered by the citizens of 
Rome, namely, a stone from 
the wall built 25 centuries ago 
by an ancient king, Servius 
Tullius. It, was sent to the 
United States in 1865 by citi- 
zens of Rome who wished to 
express their sympathy with 
the ideals of democracy and 
national unity, which Abra- 
ham Lincoln represented. 

The lives and ideas of Abra- 
ham Lincoln and Servius Tul- 
lius were similar in many re- 
spects. Both sprang from the 
common people. Both, in their 
official capacity, did all they 
could to elevate and improve 
the condition of the masses. 
Both incurred many enemies 
v and both were assassinated. 

On June 17, 1870, congress 
adopted a resolution directing 
that the Servius Tullius stone 
be placed in the Lincoln tomb 
at Springfield, 111., and on Oc- 
tober 11, 1936, it was unveiled 
by Gov. Henry Horner, with 
appropriate ceremonies. 


beginning, and Abraham Lin- 
coln, at the close, of that pe- 
riod of time loved the com- 
mon people, and both/ were 
loved in turn. In sending this 
stone, Italy paid homage to 
one of the greatest sons of 
the American Union, who, in 
abolishing slavery, in saving 

his country from secession 
and welding it into a union 
never to be impaired, gave the 
best proof of the universality 
of the spirit of early Rome. 

Meanwhile, the riches of 
literature and the artistic con- 
tributions of Italy have never 
ceased to exert their fasci- 
nation and their beneficent 
charm on Americans. The 
stone from the wall of Serv- 
ius Tullius will ever remain 
a silent reminder of what we 
and the world owe Italy. 
F. F. Petruzzelli, 

6104 NE Hassalo Street. 

What Lincoln Said 

To the Editor: On the an- 
niversary of Lincoln's birth- 
day may it not be profitable 
to refresh our memories re- 
garding a few of his great 

"You do not mean color ex- 
actly? You mean the whites 
are intellectually the superior 
of the blacks, and therefore 
have the right to enslave 
them? Take care — by this 
rule, you are to be slave to 
the first man you meet, with 
an intellect superior to your 

"WHY SHOULD there not 
be a patient confidence in the 
ultimate justice of the people? 
Is there any better or equal 
hope in the world?" 

'As I would not be a slave, 
so I would not be a master. 
This expresses my idea of 
democracy. Whatever differs 

from this to the extent of the 
difference, is no democracy." 

"Reasonable men have long 
since agreed that intemper- 
ance is one of the greatest, if 
not the greatest, of all the 
evils of mankind." 

"Every man is said to have 
his peculiar ambition ... I 
can say for one that I have no 
other so great as that of being 
esteemed by my fellow men 
by rendering myself worthy 
of their esteem." 

"Let every American, every 
lover of liberty, every well 
wisher to his posterity, swear 
by the blood of the Revolu- 
tion, never to violate in the 
least particular the laws of 
the country; and never to 
tolerate their violation by 

VICE PRES. Andrew John- 
son is protesting to Mr. Lin- 
coln the act of Gen. Grant in 
accepting the surrender of 
Gen. Robert E. Lee and in 
sending the Confederate sol- 
diers to their homes, along 
with their horses. The sol- 
diers should have been held 
as prisoners of war and Gen. 
Lee should be held in con- 

In reply Mr. Lincoln asks: 
"What do you think we'll 
gain at this point, Mr. John- 
son, by increasing Gen. Lee's 
agony of mind?" 

"Gen. Lee is a traitor, sir, 
and should be treated as 
such," replied Mr. Johnson. 

This heated conference be- 
tween the two highest-placed 
men in the nation concluded 
with Lincoln saying to John- 
son in no uncertain terms: 
"You must stand foot to foot 
with me against those mejj in 
the Capitol whose * nostrils 
belch revenge. There shall be 
no revenge, Johnson.'" 

J. W. Reed, 
5300 SE Ivon Street. 


Chicago Sun-Times 
February 13, 1958 

Urges U,S. Follow 
Lincoln's Example 

By Tom Littlewood 

Sun-Tunes Bureau 
SPRINGFIELD— At the tomb 
of Abraham Lincoln, the na- 
tional commander of the Amer 
ican Legion said the United 
States must '"nobly save" free- 
dom without accepting peaceful 
coexistence in a divided world. 

Lincoln pointed the way this 
nation must travel to save hu- 
man freedom, declared the le- 
gion leader, John S. Gleason Jr. 
of Chicago. 

Gleason said a note of prom- 

ise based on strength, not weak- 
ness must be sounded to repeat 
Lincoln's words that: 

"I do not expect the house [di- 
vided against itself] to fall — but 
I do expect it will cease to be 

'Peace' At Any Time 

The annual pilgrimage of 
Legionnaires from throughout 
(he nation to Lincoln's tomb 
featured ceremonies here 

"We can have 'peace' at any 
time — on Communist terms," 
Gleason said. 

"Those terms would make 
inevitable the yoke of slavery 
for every human neck. Yet 
there are many here and abroad 
who would lead us down the 
road of appeasement with com- 
munism. I ask you, how can 
you exist with those who don't 
want you to exist? 

Honor Missing 

"You can't do business with 
communism. There is a vital 
element missing — and always 
will be missing — at all of Soviet 
Russia's conference tables. That 
element is moral integrity — the 
word of honor." 

Gleason quoted Lincoln's re- 
marks to Congress in 1862, 
which he said are relevant to- 

"The dogmas of the quiet past 
are inadequate to the stormy 
present. The occasion is piled 
high with difficulty and we must 
rise with the occasion. 

"As our case is new, so we 
must think anew and act anew. 
We must, disenthrall ourselves. 

Wreath from President Eisenhower was placed on Lincoln's 
tomb in Springfield by Col. Richard D. Boerem. Gov. 
Stratton participates in ceremony commemorating 149th 
anniversary of Abraham Lincoln's birth. (UP Telephoto) 

and then 

we shall save our 

Lincoln Motto 
To Guide Daley 

Mayor Daley has a new motto 
to guide him "in his conduct 
of city affairs — a statement by 
Abraham Lincoln. 

The ma> or disclosed, on Lin- 
coln's Birthday Wednesday, that 
he has ' had the quotation in- 
scribed on a plaque which he 
will keep in his office. 

It reads as follows: 

"I believe that a man should 
be proud of the city in which 
he lives and that he should so 

live that his city will be proud 
that he lives in it." 

Daley said he did not recall 
when Lincoln made the state- 
ment but, he added, "those 
words are as true now as they 
were then." 

Asked if, as a Democrat, he 
had any reservations about the 
first GOP President, Daley re- 

"Many people forget that he 
was re-elected President on a 
Union ticket. He had no more 
bitter critics than in his own 
party. Lincoln was a man who 
rose above party. He belongs to 
all the people and not to any 
one party." 

Asked if he would like to rise 
above his party, Daley said: "I 
am mayor of all the people. 1 
place the city's welfare first." 

Chicago laily Tribune 
February 13, 1958 




Ike Sends Wreath for 
Birthday Rites 

(Picture on back page) 
[Chicago Tribune Press Service] 

Springfield, 111., Feb. 12— 
At the tomb of Abraham 
Lincoln, Gov. Stratton, and 
John S. Gleason Jr., national 
commander of the American 
Legion, said today that the 
preservation of human free- 
dom still is America's essen- 
tial task. 

A wreath sent by President 
Eisenhower was placed above 
the grave of the Civil war 
President as American Legion 
officials made their 24th an- 
nual pilgrimage t6 Oak Ridge 
cemetery on the anniversary 
of Lincoln's birth. 

Visit Lincoln Home 

Over snowless streets in 
bitter cold, townspeople 
joined tourists in visiting the 
tomb and the frame house 
where Lincoln lived at the 
time he was elected to the 

Stratton, in a broadcast cere- 
mony at the cemetery, said 
the nation must "defend if, 
necessary with the blood of 
its young people " the free- 
dom which exists now because 
of Lincoln's leadership. 'In- 
dividual dedication to freedom 
is more important than armed 
might, the governor said. 

Warning against appease- 
ment of Russia, Gleason said 
the United States must adhere 
to its fundamental beliefs and 
not accept peace on commu- 
nist terms. The durability of 
the American form of free 
government is still the un- 
settled issue, Gleason said, 
adding that "in the 95 years 
since Gettysburg we have 
graduated from the plight of 
a divided nation to that of a 
united nation in a divided 
world,". ._ 

"Lincoln had his sputnik 
scares, his alarmists, and ( his 
appeasers in his day," Gleason 
said. " When the South start- 
ed to armor-piate the Merri- 
mac, alarming rumors swept 
the North. Alarmists cried that 
Washington would be bom- 
barded, New York City put 
under tribute, the government 
put in flight, the blockade 
broken, and there would be 
no defense against the new 
monster of war. 

Rejects Compromise 

11 Lincoln refused to be stam- 
peded. He ordered work start- 
ed on the Monitor which 
ended the career of the Mer- 
rimac. Neither would he yield 
to those who made overtures 
to end the war by compromise 
of the principles for which he 
believed the nation was to 
fight. He nobly saved the 
cause of freedom by fighting 
thru to victory." 

The wreath from President 
Eisenhower was placed on the 
tomb by Col. Richard D. 
Boerem of the Illinois nation- 
al guard. 

U. of I. Opens Exhibit 

Champaign, 111., Feb. 12 UP) 
— Manuscripts and printed 
materials, including original 
letters of six former American 
Presidents, went on display at 
the University of Illinois li- 
brary for a month today — 
Lincoln's -birthday. 

The exhibit, " The Great De- 
bate — Lincoln vs. Douglas, 
1854-1861, was selected from 
the collection of Mr. and Mrs. 
Philip D. Sang of Chicago and 
from the University of Illinois' 
Lincoln materials. Among 66 
items on display- are letters 
from former Presidents Pierce, 
T y I e », Fillmore, Buchanan, 
Johnson, and Lincoln. 

Tribute from the President 


8 C> !:-.. 

>« f; vi; 

; I (-' ! 

m ii^. 

Maj. Gen. John G. Van Houten, commander of Washington 
military district, is dwarfed by the statue of Abraham Lincoln 
as he places President Eisenhower's wreath at its base in 
Lincoln memorial. [Associated Press Wircphoto] 



V j**^ 

ogress In ReitSdeling Lincoln Monument 


Remodeling Is 
Difficult Task\ 

The time will come when the re- 
mains of Abraham Lincoln will repose 
in a sarcophagus lor public view. 

This is the opinion of Herbert Wells 
Fay, custodian of Lincoln monument, 
and of thousands who make an an- 
imal pilgrimage to the tomb of the 
great emancipator. They believe the 
body should rest above the ground 
and" not beneath ions of rock and 
H| concrete as at present. 

The monument in Oak Ridge i< 
being reconstructed by the state. The 
project was brought about by Gov- . 
ernor Louis L. Emmerson who ap- 
*j proved the plans. But when the work ' 
was under consideration, there was J 
ij no suggestion to remove the body 
nil. from its present position and there is 
no indication that this will be done 
in the present decade. 

"I believe that the time will come 

I when public sentiment will demand 

I that the body of Mr. Lincoln be 

J placed In a sarcophagus tor public 

view," Mr. Fay said. 'Persons who 

visit the tomb from all parts of the i 

country openly express this opinion." 

Work of remodeling the monument 
is progressing. The contract provides 
for its completion in four months, 
but indications are that a longer 
period may be required to finish the 
task. The contract for the work was 
let to English Brothers, Champaign. 
W. S. Long, superintendent, says that 
although the elements have damaged 
the shaft to some extent, workmen 
find the job of removing the con- 

v (Continued on Page 2, Column 4) 


jfakMfei -■ 


■ • 


I Hfeis* 

■> : - ■ . ..- SB 

. Photos by SLite Journal Staff Photographer 

1 — Statue QlJLjujiyhi. removed from the monument to permit workmen to bepin work on shaft. 
2 — Artillery group, also removed from tower, and with statue of Lincoln occupies place on ground near monume; ' 
3 — Custodian Herbert W. Fay standing on concrete covering over body ot Lincoln. 
4 — Excavation work in progress in north room of monument. 
5 — Cranes used for removing heavy masonry. 

6 — Lincoln monument and Custodian Fay standing near sarcophague which contained remains of Lincoln for tv, 
years and from which an effort was made to steal body of the emancipator. ^ 

Original Drawing of Lincoln Tomb Plan 


— 3T~ 






'■'V ■ 



f s : ■ If 


'"** ■' : 



1 1 CBre<zti&g at Oak B-idg-e,) 

Picture above is the original drawing of Architect Larkin Mead for 
the Lincoln tomb. It was submitted in competition with other archi- 
tectural plans for the tomb and was used on postcards which were sold 
throughout the country to raise funds for construction of the monument. 
While the general plan was followed, the lines of the tomb were chan^ 
somewhat from the original drawing. 



fly JOHN HOWARD TODD. A. B (Mcmiv lllinoi, Siai, Historical Society) 


N THE presence of President Ulysses S. Graut, Vice President Heury Wilson 

aud 30,000 other spectators, Mother Josephu and Sister Rachel, two nuns of 

Jacksonville, unveiled the statue of Abraham Lincoln at the dedication of 
i-1 the national Lincoln monument at Springfield on Oct. 15, 1874. As the veil 
of red and white silk fell away the throng looked on in fitting silence aud u choir 
sang "Rest, Spirit, Kest." 

The original cost of the monument was more than $200,000. Of this sum 
the State of Illinois appropriated $77,000, New York $10,000, Missouri $1,000 
and Nevada $500. Sixty thousand Sunday school children in all parts of the 
Union contributed $20,000, soldiers and sailors of the Union gave $27,000, negro 
soldiers contributed $8,000, aod the rest came from secular schools, from 
churches, benevolent societies and individuals. 

The monument is located on a beautiful knoll in a park of nine acres ad- 
joining and overlooking Oak Ridge Cemetery. The base and shaft are of granite 
from Massachusetts quarries, the latter rising to a height of 125 feet above 
ground. The work of building began In the autumn of 1860 under the auspices 
of the Lincoln Monument Association, which was formed May 11, 1865, less than 
a mouth after Mr. Lincoln was assassinated. 

Hlchard J. Oglesby, then United States senator, delivered the dedicatory 
oration. President Grant spoke briefly, and an original poem by James Judson 
Lord of Springfield was read by Professor Richard Edwards. Short addresses 
were made by Vice President Henry Wilson, Usher F. Llnder, General W. T. 
Sherman and. Schuyler Colfax, Vice President during General Grant's first term, 
Larkln G. Mead Jr., an American sculptor, who designed the monument, was 
called out, bowed his acknowledgments and retired amid the applause of the 
spectators. Governor John M. Palmer presided. 

The features of the monument are the memorial hall containing interesting 
relics, the catacomb containing the bodies of Mr. and Mrs. Lincoln and their sons, 
a bronze statue of the martyred President and four groups of statuary repre- 
senting Infantry, cavalry, artillery and navy. 

By act of May 18, 1895, the monument was transferred from the association 
which built It to the state. The monument at that time was in bad condition and 
In danger of falling to pieces. The foundation had settled unequally and there 
were ugly cracks In the walls and floors, made by alternate rains and frosts. 

Upon the urgent recommendation of Governor John R. Tanner the legisla- 
ture, lu the spring of 1899, appropriated $100,000 to raze the monument, sink its 
foundation to solid rock and rebuild it on the original lines. This work began 
Nov. 11, 1899, and during Its progress the bodies of President Lincoln and his 
family were safeguarded In a temporary vault near by. The work of rebuilding 
was completed June 1, 1901. The body of President Lincoln now lies in a 
cemented vault beneath the floor of the catacomb, secure from the type of 
vandals who once tried to steal It. 

The state maintains on the grounds a custodian's cottage. It is the duty of 
the custodian to have immediate care of the monument and surrounding park 
and to receive the thousands of pilgrims who come yearly to pay their respects 
to the memory of Abraham Lincoln. The custodian receives a salary of $1,200. 
The trustees are, ex officio, the governor, the superintendent of public instruction 
and the state treasurer. . (288.] 

CRATING THE STATUARY of the Lincoln monument for safe 
keeping during the period of construction work. 

(State Register Photo) 



THE G. A. R., 
Meeting foi the First Time in Springfield. Ill-, Holds Memorial Ceremonies at the Grave of Abraham Lincoln. 

(Herbert Georg Studio, i 


The great host of visitors ^\ho are 
visiting: the Abraham Lincoln monu- 
ment in Springfield, 111., these days 
and the attention it is receiving be- 
tween Feb. 12, his birthday, and the 
anniversary of his death in April, re- 
calls the fact that a Chicopee firm, 
the Ames Manufacturing: Company, 
started with Springfield capital in the 
days when Cabotville was a part of 
Springfield, cast the statue. 

It was in February, 1871, that an- 
nouncement was made that the Ames 
Company had the award for making 
the statue of Lincoln after a model 
sent from Florence by Larkin G. 
Mead, the sculptor, to be placed on 
the monument erected by the Lin- 
coln National Monument Association 
at Springfield, 111. The statue sur- 
mounting the majestic monument of 
granite is 12 \' z feet high and repre- 
sents Lincoln with the Emancipa- 
tion Proclamation extended in his 

The statue was completed in the 
summer of 1872, but it was not until 
Oct. 15, 1874, that the monument 
with its statue, declared to be the 
finest of Lincoln ever executed, was 
dedicated in the presence of Gen. 
Grant, Gov. R. J. Ogles by and other 
distinguished military and civic lead- 

The Ames Company also cast the 
equestrian statue of Washington in 
Boston it is interesting to recall on 
this Washington Bicentennial. 

C<.r^. _i _ v. . .,i | ( 


Reconstructed at a cost of $170,000 by the stale of Illinois, the tomb oC Abraham Lincoln will 
be re-dedicated by President Hoover at Springfield, 111., June 17. A copy of the statue in the Lincoln 
memorial in Washington has been placed in the rotunda of the tomb. 


I I 

Lincoln Statue at 
the State House 
Draws Paper* s Attack 

Springfield, 111., April 23.— [U. P.]— 
The controversy over the statue of 
Abraham Lincoln that stands at the 
entrance of the state capitol grounds 
flamed anew today with an editorial 
demand by the Illinois State Journal 
that it be relocated in a less con- 
spicuous place or destroyed. The edi- 
torial remarks: 

" Suggestion is made that the Lin- 
coln statue on the approach to the 
state house be removed to another 
location on the grounds. A more sensi- 
ble proposal suggests decapitation of 
the statue, preservation of the won- 
derful head, and junking the body. 

" The proposal to move the statue 
is urged because it is so placed that 
it breaks the approach and detracts 
from its impressiveness. The statue 
does worse. It affronts visitors. En- 
countering it for the first time and 
in the absence of explanations, they 
get from it an impression that it is a 
caricature of Lincoln. Even when it 
is explained that the misshapen legs 
and paralytic arm are but symbols, 
supposed to suggest Lincoln's humility 
or something of the sort, the statue 




i&f jturoii 


During the reconstruction of the Lincoln Monument in 1900-1901, the bodies of 
JVIr. Lincoln and members of his family were moved to a temporary resting place 
on the hillside to the northeast. Meanwhile the bronze figure of Lincoln which 
stood directly against the south side of the shaft, 
was placed in a boarded enclosure near-by, to- 

gether with the coat of arms and the four 
statuary groups. . . . This interesting old picture, 
probably taken by the late Guy Mathis, shows 
the unique appearing which the various figures 
presented in that setting. The door at the right 
end of the enclosure gives an idea of the size of 
this statuary when brought down to terra firma! 
. . . Mr. Lincoln, of course, towers above all the 
rest. In this bronze form, the Great Eman- 

cipator seems to be scanning the horizon, look- 
ing toward the old home town in the distance, or 
perhaps admiring the beauty of the landscape at 
old Oak Ridge! . . . The four historic statuary 
groups, as close scrutiny will prove, were all 
there but in very undignified positions, while in 
the rear the tall muzzle of a Civil War cannon 
rears its head straight up. ... A year or more 
was required for the rebuilding of the Monu- 
ment at that time, during which this enclosuue 
was guarded along with the temporary resting 
place of the Lincoln bodies. 

And Money— As Advertised In The Illinoi 


. i 


Springfield, 111., Monument 
Still in Course of Repairs 
Necessitated byCrumbling 

Liberator's Coffin Moved 

Resting Place Is Sealed in 
Concrete-Steel Boulder 

By The Associated Press 

SPRINGFIELD, 111., Feb. 7. — Perma- 
nency finally Is' being assured the tomb 
of Abraham Lincoln with the rebuild- 
ing of the monument which towers 
above his grave here. The burial place 
will be rededlcated February 12, the 
122d anniversary of his birth. 

Rebuilding of the vshaft was deter- 
mined upon two years ago, when crum- 
bling bricks and stone threatened Its 
existence. Reconstruction of the Interior 
was also ordered. Work began almost 
a year ago, and will not be finished 
for several months. 

' Visitors who formerly peered through 
grated windows Into a dimly lighted 
chamber now may enter the sarcopha- 
gus chamber, but the coffin Itself it 
sealed In a boulder of concrete and 
steel, resting ten feet below( the monu- 
ment. ' 

Almost from the ' day the funeral 
cortege reached Springfield, sixty-five 
years ago, an air of mystery and awe 
settled on the Lincoln burial place. 
Attempt Made to Steal Body 

Both Chicago and Springfield desired 
the martyred President to be burled 
within their limits. Mrs. Lincoln chose 
a quiet spot outside Springfield. Five 
years after a permanent tomb was pre- 
pared, In 1876, two Chicago criminals 
sought to steal the body and hold It 
tuu laxiov/m. xney scrccc«?cretr~iiv partly 
removing the coffin before an alarm 
was sounded. 

A guard thereafter watched beside 
the tomb after the coffin had been 
secreted In another part of the burial 
place. Lincoln's body was exhumed in 
1886 and placed In a catacomb, but 
this was abandoned in 1899 and the 
present shaft built In 1901. Robert 
Lincoln, a son, provided funds. 

Washington Slnine Nation's Gift 
Of the many hundreds, and even 
thousands of Lincoln memorials In 
existence today in the form of build- 
ings and shrines, monument, statuary, 
museums and collections of Lincoln 
mementoes and souvenirs, books, 
libraries and pictorial representations 
extending even Into the field of motion 
pictures, none perhaps Is more notable 
than the greatest shrine of the Eman- 
cipator at Washington, the Lincoln 

Impressive In Its simplicity, the gift 
of the nation to his memory, the 
memorial Is generally considered to be 
the masterpiece of all the public build- 
ings and memorials In the United 
States. It stands in Potomac Park, 
lacing the Washington Monument. Its 
construction was begun on Lincoln's 
birthday anniversary in 1914. The cost 
was approximately $3,900,000. 
The memorial comprises a large 

rectangular building of white marble 
designed by Henry Bacon, New York 
architect. It has a beautiful setting 
on the direct east and west line with 
the Washington Monument and the 
nation's Capitol, and rises 144 feet 
above the level of the park. It includes 
four principal features — a statue of 
the man by Daniel Chester French, a 
memorial of his Gettysburg address, a 
memorial of his second inaugural ad- 
dress and a symbol of the union of 
the states. 
Springfield May Get Famed Models 
At Springfield, 111., it Is proposed that 
the tomb of Lincoln be ornamented by 
original bronze models of ten of the 
most famous statues of the great 
Emancipator. This project, it Is ex- 
pected, soon will be carried out. It 
was the suggestion of James Booton, 
of the state architect's office. Among 
those represented will be Saint Gau- 
dens's famous statue In Lincoln Park, 
Chicago; the Daniel Chester French 
statue In Lincoln, Neb., and Lorado 
Taft's statue In Urbana, 111. The tomb 
at Springfield is being enlarged at an 
expense In excess of $20,000. The mon- 
ument will be enlarged and a passage 
added to the sarcophagus. 

Construction of a memorial In honor 
of Lincoln and his mother, Nancy 
Hanks Lincoln, on the old family 

homestead near Lincoln City, Ind., 
waits on the passage of an act by the 
General Assembly of the state. The In- 
diana Lincoln Union, organized four 
years ago, raised sufficient money 
through gifts to enlarge the memorial 
park to 360 acres, Including the former 
Lincoln farm. The legislative commit- 
tee of the Lincoln Union recommended 
that the General Assembly place 0.4 
cent tax on each $100 In taxables over 
a two-year period, which it Is hoped 
will produce $400,000 to be spent on 
the memorial building. Bedford stone 
will be used throughout the structure, 
which will be 140 feet by 60 feet with 
a tower rising 160 feet. The structure 
will house a Lincoln museum. 

The cabin where Lincoln was born, 
near Hodgenvllle, Ky., Is enshrined in 
a granite temple, and belongs to the 
United States government. There Is 
also a memorial to his mother In the 
form of a log cabin at her birthplace 
near Burlington, W. Va. 

Other famous Lincoln memorials in- 
clude the Saint Gaudens statue at Lin- 
coln Park, Chicago; the statue on the 
State House grounds in Springfield. 
111., by Andrew O'Connor; the Lincoln 
Home in Springfield, where he lived 
from 1848 to 1861, and the Daniel Ches- 
ter French statue on tho grounds of 
(he state capltol In Lincoln, Neb. 

VWtVWf WH^JMmti! WW 

T iffft'T'i >' 







Smungfikld, HI.. Oct 15.-To-day wu the great 
day of the centnry for the Lincoln Monument Asso- 
ciation. The statue of the martyr President, by 
Meade. WM to be un vailed. Tbe President, the 
Vioe-PresideDt, tbe Secretary of War, and other 
Cabinet officers, with generals of tbe army, were 
present. Tbe Society of the Army of the Tennessee, 
Gen. Sherman, President, was to take part in the 
proceedings, and Springfield, always awake to Boy 
patriotic eaoee, was more than usually alive on this 
occasion. Tbe Society of the Army of the Tennessee 
asamnhled this morning, and selected Des Moines, 
Iowa, as the place for the next meeting, which will 
be held Sept. 20 and 30, 1875. Gen. Thomas C. 
Fletcher of Maine was elected orator. The Society 
then adjourned to participate in tbe ceremonies of 
thennvailingoi the Lincoln etaftje at Oak, «idge 

Tbe procession began to form at 11 o'clock, Gov. 
Beveridsre acting as Grand Marshal. President 
Grant, with Secretary Belknap, occupied a carriage 
at the bead of the procession, preceded by the mili- 
tary band from Newport Barracks, and escorted by 
the Governor's Guards, a military organization of 
this city, as a guard of honor. Next came the fiev. 
Dr. Bale, to old friend of President Lincoln, and 
' Bishop Wayman (colored), and in tbe other carriages 
rode Vice-President Wilson with Sir J. Powell Bux- 
ton, M. P., and W. G. Porater, M. P., of England; Gens. 
McDowell and Custer, and tbe Son. J. K. Dubois, 
with Mrs; Grant and Mrs. Gov. Beveridge. Gen. 
Sherman marched on foot at tbe bead of tbe Society 
of tbe Army of the Tennessee, and following him 
was ft long line of army, military, and civil societies. 
Next to the carnages containing the members 
of the Lincoln Monument Association came tbe car- 
riages in which were Boot T. Lincoln, only surviv- 
ing son of the deceased President. Mr.L. L.Smith, 
sister of Mr. Lincoln, and other relations. Mrs. Lin- 
coln was unable to be present, as she is quite ill at 
be' residence in Chicago. Among tbe notable per- 
sons, present were ex-Secretary Borie, ex-Gov. Noyes 
of Ohio, Gen. John Pope, Gen. McDowell, Gen. 
Grierson, Gen. Wolcott, Gen. Ekin, with many 


Springfield, Oct. 14.— The procession ar- 
rived at the cemetery at 1 o'clock. Not less than 'J6.000 
persons were present. Alter tbe playing of tbe Dead 
March by the band, Bishop Wyman made a fervent 
and eloquent prayer, and a choir of singers chanted 
" With malice toward none; with charity for all." Tbe 
Bon. Jesse K. Dubois then read an historical sketch of 
the Lincoln Monument Association and the result of its 
labors, concluding as follows : 

By tbe liberal contributions of a grateful nation we 
have been enabled to provide a suitable piaoe for tbe 
remains of the wisest and purest of men known to our 
aaUoim hjetory. Tuere ma* fbsf rotUj Pe*<-v« 


After music from the band ex-Gov. Ogleeby of Illinois 
stepped tor wars, and was greeted with cbeers. Be pro- 
eeeded to deliver the oration. It was an eloquent trib- 
ute to tbe memory of the dead President, giving a faith- 
ful sketch of his public life and services, noting I be most 
striking event! of We AdmwlstrsUon. sad concluding a» 
follows : <<,*;'*• l-GJPJWWyHW! 

If history shall become ungrateful, and moral obliga- 
tions cease to respond to (be calls of justice and patriot- 
ism in that race to which he was born bis fame will still 
be aafer , Anotber race of- forty millions, with their 
countless descendants of free-born children, holding bis 


, Tbe com- 
mencement of his second term as Fresident of tbe 
United States and the close of the Rebellion came 
closely together. I do not know that the time or place 
is fitting for an examination of the course likely to have 

i known as reconstruction. It la true to say, from the 

fldenoe in him— a confidence perhaps 

considered and seriously 
lave met with favor, and 

f^rW : Sv^xf < 7^^ 

Be was a merciful and forgiving man. Be promptly 
ratified the generous terms of surrenner dictated to the 
armies of tbe I Rebellion by bis humane and victorious 

! ■ >■' ,V.^ T* s^MT ' f >BCT r^ if^ >*Mn M. w Yi 

property rights, the right to vote to all, with certai 
specified exceptions as to tbe classes who bad been in 
rebellion and|would subscribe an oatb to support the Con. 
solution of tbe United States and tbe Union thereunder, 

tbe war, but now that peace bad come by surrender and 
not by compromise, as in 1801, the aotual Rebellion had 
released him from the policy of leaving Slavery to tbe 
States, and in time allowed bun to move forward to 
emancipation. So, In 1865, compulsory submission 
would have released blm from the terms proposed in 
1863, and permitted htm to move forward to higher and 
broader ground. 

In addition to tbe great facts that tbe circumstances 
of the white and colored population bad at tbe close of 
tbe war entirely changed, and tbe glimpses on several 
oocaalons given of a purpose on *»** *""*• *~ «•»»» - 
moat enlightened end ubeaal polio 
reunite the country upon a just and enduring basis, 
stood the great fact that in isei be had saia he bad 
rather be assassinated than surrender tbe sentiment iu 

ftmfrir K ' h M. r \\ VM ntmiMwiR. 

which that principle bad been aaved, and for the first 

vored any , 

bad laid down their arms against tbe Govern- 
ment or those wbo bad used them in its 
preservation, the fullest right implied and covered by 
the broad declaration that all men are equal. Who shall 
forget tbat memorable scene iu the City of Richmond, 
which ought to be cherished and perpetuated forever as 
a part of the history of the closing days of the nnhappy 
strife, where the gnat and good man, his heart swelling 
with modest pride, leading bis little son by the band 
through the deserted streets of the once proud- capital 
of treason, and beholding once more tbe flag of his coun- 
try, in place of a strange and usurping one, restored lo 
its rightful dominion over an undivided Union, grateful 
to the Almighty God that in his own good time peaoe 
had returned to a divided and sorrowing people, cheered 
and animated by the hope of a long future of prosperity 
and happiness to the country, gave assurance to the 
R scattered and remaining few of those who were but yes- 
m ter .^ ay i B K rBB8 v.* g * Ul Sr t *5 e fla *' ■• tne *' eagerly 

restoration of all tbe rights under the old Government. 

and to the humble and long oppressed, rescued from a 

* servitude dishonorable alike to bumaultv and to the 

S flair of IMMnm. nir.iennahin In ih. »-„..» t> v.j . .._ 

a evert Who shall measure tbe usefulness of the life of 

' in tbe course of timet 

isuit of its a j n what degree of cold the fruit 
nation we ' lien charged with moisture. It 

ice for the 

wu to our 


Come what may, whether a republic founded on. the I 
immovable foundations of justice and freedoc yet cunning art shall here her triumph* bring, 
proved after long experience m the beat form of i\ a ud laurel'd bards their choicest ftnPW"* eluf, 
i government standing, or whether a republio in; Here, honor*d aire shall par© its wintry brow, 
; torn 1b two by factions aad rent by the mad ambll And youtb to freedom make a Spartan tow. 
meu, this monument, an enduring testimonial i Here. ripenVl manhood from it* walks profound, 

humble We, the glorious deeds, and the shining ex] , Shall come and halt, as if on hallowM ground. 

of the great citizen and martyr, will stand for to] Here ahali the urn with fragrant wreaths he d 

mination of all moo of every tijime, nationality, ad By tender handa the flow*? tribute* |tw» r * 

dltion who, la search of tbehigheet aims and lofu«4 And wending westward, from oppressions far, 

poaea of Uie, shell oome to this fountain for Inspli Bhali pilgrims oome led by onr freedom-star j 

and hope. Here the bumble may take new courajj While bending lowly, it ot>t friendly &ali7/' 1 

proud leant humility; the ambitious that the trol The alleut tear from ebon cheeks shall tali •• 

&3fSffi&^ Bterneand vain the trlbnte. which. Wf^" 

great; % no other country under the ran oonld tl » » the Past (bat ooosecrawi "to-day "»*™ 

acute boy have found hie way through (bo long el i ^^^S^S^SiS^iSSSSS sJ 

sion of mysterious and grave events to such emu Wno e* w *W right, and dared the rlgh^ tp Mr 

and I powerTend 'wheW ,aod in what land, can q »ue ^SS^S^SSSSffS^SSuS-: 

found who wielded power with such grace, hunj g th JW"5 n '£^%i B0 1 w!*,»i y*ElE*r?2i. 

and wlsdoml* The fivln« assign him km prope7li * S^go^^lVKd^^a Srt V 

and wisdom I 

ihniT!W( f Afftiftf' T' w i^ '"lit i ■ 

lightened by the purity and splendor of his admlj : 
tlon and public services, cannot fail to fix his 1 
among tbow who shall rank highest in their venei 
• He baa gone to the firmament of Washington, 1 
new light shines down upon his beloved couflU 
from the American constellation. ! "^ 

The choir then sang "Best. Spirit Beat," at th) 

Bespeaks the import of the bettor age. 

When man, for man. no more shall forgo the chain, , > 

Then shall this boon to human freedom gives *£"' 
Be fitly deem'd a sacred gift of heaven :— 
Though of the earth, it is no less divine.-* 
Founded on truth It will forever shine," 

aE m i dMgMEEE 


°lde of the atatue, rose, and amid breathless i 

form. President Edwards then read the poem 1 T»» *>eadk »*»H» BWed an appropriate air, when Ion*! 

H''i'V'#l I""-' ri'"'' !'"'f • 

We build not here a temple or a shrine, 
Nor hero-fane to demigods divine ; 
. Nor to the clouds a superstructure rear 
For man's ambition or for servile fear. 
Not to the Dost, but to the Deeds alone 
A grateful people raise th' bistorio stone ; 
For where a patriot lived, or hero fell, 
The daisied toxf would mark the spot aa w 

The daisied turf would mark the spot aa well. 

i* What though tbe Pyramids, with apex high, 
Like Alpine peaks cleave Egypt's rainless sky 

. And oast grim shadows o'er a desert land' I 
_ Forever bUehted by owrssswu's hand I — - 

No patriot real their deep foundations laid— 

No freeman's hand their dsrkon'd chamber* m 
* No public weal'lospired the heart with love, 
I To see their summit* tow'rtag bigu above. 

Tbe ruling Pharaoh, proud and eory>stsloed, 
I With vain ambitions never ret attained;— I 

feV^^^M^i^#^^ B ,^v ^^ 

Mb. Chairmah. Ladies aud Oemtlkmbm : On an ooc 
•wn lite the present it is a duty on my part to bei 
testimony to the great and good qualities fir the natrvi ■ 
otlo man whose earthly remains uow rest beneath thai 
dedicated monument. It was not my fortune to make the* 
personal acquaintance of Mr. Lincoln till the beginning?) 
of the last year of the great struggle for National exiiM 
ence. During those yean of doubt and despondency j 
among the many patriotio meu of tbe country, AbrabaxaW 
Lincoln never fur a moment doubted but the final reenlM 
would be In favor of peace, Union, and freedo 
every race in this broad land; bis faith in an all- 
Providence directing our arms to this final result w 
the faith or the Christian that his Bedeem 

ilveth. Amidst •pbloaW. P* ^«K.kS 

hate undisguised, and whioh 

to without restraint through 

the stump and in private circles, he remained tbe sum 

stanch, unyielding servant of the people, never exhibit^ 

ing revengeful feelings toward his iraUuoers. Be rather* 


• For 
at th© mm 

— .u heaven's free sunlight darker than their (Lincoln) was being assailed, bat that a treasonabir 

His hot to will, and theirs to yield and feel, ~ spirit -one waiting to destroy tbe freest 1 governmen 

Like verinln'd dust beneath bis Iron heel',— the snu evershoue upon— was giving vent "to itself oi 

" ,' him as the Chief Executive of tbe nation, only because 

Historic Justice bide the nations know. 

have avoided all that slander, for bis life was a pure andl 

Nor stone, nor bronic can fit memorials yield X peVsonaTreTations wYtb Un* wciT^ote; aTiuu'-i 
For deeds of valor on the bloody field mate as the nature of our respective duties wouloV 

♦Neath war* dark clouds the sturdy volunteer, peruut^ l<o *uuw Uiia personally was lofove ra£ 
By freedom taught his country to revere, reapecMiiui for his great qualities of hesdasd hear? and] 

Bids home and friends a hasty, »ad adieu, for his patience and patriotism. With Ji hfJ Trt £SS 

And with mute patlenoe brooks the longdelay, those who had gained his oonfideuoe but to betra vit i 
Pr bears tbe trumpet, or tbe thrilling djbin never heard hlra utter a complaint, or oast ceuaure foi 
'j'eal the long roll that calls: ««They cornel bad Iconduotor bad faith.- It was hs nature u> find ex 
f eomel" ^ . ^ ?;,; fMM(orlii8«av M ijri«(, In Ws death the iaiton lot* 

Then to the front with battling hosts he flies, ts greatest head, la bis death the South lost Iw inosil 
And Jives to triumph, or lor freedom dies. Just friend. * W ir^ 1 * "•« W»uf« m\ »Hi W^\ 

Thund'nng amain along tbe rooky strand, Ex-Vice President Colfax, who was discovered on thJ 

Tbe Ocean claims her honors with the Land, platform, was loudly called for, and. In very eloquent) 

Loud on the galo she chimes the wild refrain, and feeling remarks, paid his tribute of inn * n * nlru^ti 

Or with low murmur wails ber heroes slalo I tA , lw> ,,„„*^" _"' ™ ._ B !T.^ nuuw °H° Te and respocM 

m mmwii 

the ngbt, einkswli,.,-,^ ^^ pronounced, aud the vast assombisge quietly 

Beloved banner of the axure sky, -• persed. * ■"" 1 

Thy rightful home where'er thy eagles fly; I *^ ' ,, „, 

On tby blue fields the stars' of beav'n. descend, — — jufv.-'p :k . - . ' . «»**.- 
And to our dav a purer luster lend. 

And bade Tby peace to come, "and oome to stays 
And while war's deluge flll'd tbe land with blood, 
With bow of promise arob'd tbe crimson flood,— 



THE LINCOLN MONUMENT in Springfield, III. The body of President Lincoln rests in 
the crypt of this national monument. Springfield is proud of the fact that Lincoln at oik- 
time was a resident of that city. 


President Herbert Hoover dedicated the rebuilt Lincoln Memor- 
ial at Springfield, 111., and closed his three-day visit to the Midwest. 
In Ins address al the tomb he reminded the nation of Lincoln's oft 
repeated admonition that obedience to law is the safeguard to lib- 
erty. In this photo, made by NEA Service. Inc., for The Gazette, 
President lioover is shown makinpr the dedicatory address. 







' i